Commune “Osvobozhdennyy trud”/ Colony for juvenile offenders / Labor Commune (orphanage) named after the Third Communist International
Address: Kryukovskiy sanatorium (former Rukavishnikova sanatorium), Kryukovo railway station, Moscow region.
Sanatorium Kryukovskiy was established at the end of the 19th century. Among others, Anton Chekhov, a famous Russian playwright and short story writer, used to visit it. Since 1918, the sanatorium building was converted into the commune for children named Osvobozhdennyy Trud (Freed Labor).
In the 1920s, the commune was reorganized into the colony for juvenile offenders. In the 1930s, its organizational form was changed yet again, it became the orphanage which was officially dubbed as the Labor Commune named after the Third Communist International.
Nowadays a heavily rebuilt wooden house and a water tower (a former church) are the only structures left from the sanatorium.