Moscow Labor Camp for Juvenile Offenders

Address: 11 Shukhova Street (former name in the 1920s – Sirotskii (Varvarskii) Lane), Moscow

Municipal detention facility in 1910. Photo: PastVu

Municipal detention facility in 1910. Photo: PastVu

The Moscow Labor Camp for Juvenile Offenders was built no earlier than 1924 in a building that served as a municipal detention facility from 1913-1917. The children's poor physical and psychological condition made working with them rather difficult. According to a survey conducted by the Moscow House of Labor, only half of the children in labor camps and school-camps were considered psychologically normal, while approximately 61.8% of pupils were classified as mentally retarded.

Despite the legal abolition of the concept of a "prison" for minors, the Moscow Labor House was in fact a real prison.

In 1930, during organizational and financial reforms, the Moscow Labor House was attached to the "Ekspress" Factory and was no longer funded by the state. 

Dariya Durneva, Anna Margolis