Orphanage named after the Communist International / Rosa Luxemburg

Address: 2 1st Rizhkii Lane (previously - 3rd Luchevoi Prosek), Moscow

Bakhrushnyi house, where the orphanage was located during the Soviet era. Image taken during 1910s. Photograph: PastVu

Bakhrushinyi house, where the orphanage was located during the Soviet era. Image taken during 1910s. Photograph: PastVu

The orphanage named after Rosa Luxemburg was founded after the revolution, no later than in 1924. It was located in the Bakhrushinyi house in Sokolniki. The territory consisted of a three-story brick apartment building, a church, and six single-story houses with terraces, where the pupils lived.

Bakhrushinyi house, 1910s. Photograph: PastVu

Bakhrushinyi house, 1910s. Photograph: PastVu

After the Spanish Civil War, the Rosa Luxemburg Orphanage was transformed into an orphanage of the Communist International for Spanish children. During the late Soviet period and before the fire in 2012, which seriously damaged the building, the publishing house “Mir” (meaning both “World” and “Peace”) was located in it.

Daria Durneva, Anna Margolis