Orphanage No. 3 Mosgorono / Barybinskii Orphanage

Address: 3 Sadovaya Street, Raduzhnaya area in the village of Bolshoe Alekseevskoe, Stupinskii district, Moscow region

 

Children in the courtyard of the Barybinskii Orphanage, most likely in the 1940s. Photograph: “Siniaia ptitsa”

Children in the courtyard of the Barybinskii Orphanage, most likely in the 1940s. Photograph: “Siniaia ptitsa”

 

The orphanage was opened in 1934. It was located on the site of the former colony for prisoners of the Lefortovskii Isolator. The orphanage was very crowded. In November 1934, the orphanage received more than 600 children from the Danilovskii Shelter. The children were aged 9 to 16 years old.

Boys doing woodwork in the orphanage. Photograph: “Siniaia ptitsa”

Boys doing woodwork in the orphanage. Photograph: “Siniaia ptitsa”

The orphanage was in many respects self-sufficient. The children worked in the courtyard and vegetable patch, as well as in the sewing, shoemaking, and carpentry workshops of the commune. During the Second World War, the orphanage was evacuated to the Chelyabinsk region. Children were directed to study and work in factory apprenticeship schools. An orphanage for preschoolers was created within the Barybinskii Orphanage in 1948.

Daria Durneva, Anna Margolis