Yermakovsky Night Shelter / Collection Point for Street Children

Address: Moscow, Komsomolskaya Square (until 1932, Kalanchevskaya Square)

F. Yermakovsky Night Shelter. Photograph: Rusfond

F. Yermakovsky Night Shelter. Photograph: Rusfond

The Yermakovsky Night Shelter was one of the largest charitable institutions in Moscow in the early 20th century. Initially, it was designed for people who had moved from the countryside to the city in search of work. They could stay at the shelter, but they were supposed to leave before 7 a.m. in the morning. The night shelter was managed by the municipal administration, and it was built according to the latest technical and sanitary standards of its time.

 

After the revolution, the night shelter continued its work. Along with Kalanchevskaya Square, it became a place where street children congregated.

 

Kalanchevskaya Square on the map of Moscow, 1888. Photograph: Retromap

Kalanchevskaya Square on the map of Moscow, 1888. Photograph: Retromap

Daria Durneva, Anna Margolis
ГАРФ. Ф. Р5207. Оп. 1. Д. 425. Л. 39