Apartment of Natalia Stolyarova

Address: 12/16 Daev Lane, Moscow

Photo: Emil Gataullin, Memorial Society Photo Archive

Photo: Emil Gataullin, Memorial Society Photo Archive

In the 1960s, Shalamov became close friends with Natalia Stolyarova. She was born in emigration into a revolutionary family and returned to the Soviet Union in 1936. From 1937 to 1946 she was imprisoned in camps. Subsequently, she played a particularly important role in the dissident movement by helping to smuggle the manuscript of Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn's Gulag Archipelago abroad.

Natalia Stolyarova

Natalia Stolyarova

Natalia Stolyarova’s mother, Natalia Sergeevna Klimova, had been involved in the assassination of Stolypin. As a result, she was sentenced to death, but the sentence was later commuted to forced labor. However, due to her participation in the famous escape from Novinskaya Prison, she managed to avoid being subjected to forced labor as well.

At the end of the 1960s, Shalamov stopped associating with Nadezhda Mandelstam’s circle of friends, including Stolyarova. At that time, Shalamov became disillusioned with the dissident movement, especially due to the active assistance Stolyarova provided to Solzhenitsyn.

Sergey Solovyov