Znamenskii Forced Labor Camp

Address: 8-10 Varvarka Street, Moscow

Varvarka Street, Moscow (1910–1916). Photo: PastVu

Varvarka Street, Moscow (1910–1916). Photo: PastVu

The Znamenskii Forced Labor Camp was opened in early 1921 and work-refusers were forced to work there. Several complaints have been documented about overcrowding in the camp. It is difficult to state with certainty how many prisoners lived in the camp at any given time. The numbers range from 250 to 500 people.

According to the camp commandant's reports, there was no yard, warehouse, or facilities for workshops due to the lack of space. Therefore, as with the majority of camps in Moscow, the Znamenskii Forced Labor Camp required its prisoners to do forced labor outside of the camp's territory.